QTVR Panoramas of World Architecture (Columbia University)
Artstor and Columbia University have collaborated to share nearly 1,900 QuickTime Virtual Reality (QTVR) panoramas of world architecture in the Artstor Digital Library. These 360° spherical QTVR views enable faculty and students to complement traditional side-by-side image comparisons. The Visual Media Center (VMC) at Columbia University's Department of Art History and Archaeology has taken a lead role in developing QTVR panoramas to document a variety of monuments and sites in the United States, Asia, Europe, and beyond, assembling the largest such collection currently in existence. These include: ancient sites such as the Pantheon, Domus Aurea, and Forum in Rome; early Christian and Byzantine sites such as the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, the Orthodox Baptistry, Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, Sant'Apollinare in Classe, and San Vitale in Ravenna, as well as Hosios Lukas in Greece and Fethiye Camii in Turkey; Islamic sites including the Hagia Sophia and the Bam Citadel; medieval cathedrals from Amiens to York; numerous Renaissance and Baroque architectural monuments; and important 19th- and 20th-century sites, including the Paris Opera, Le Corbusier's Church of Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp, Rem Koolhaas' Seattle Public Library, and many others.
Venice Campaign 2007
In 2007, Artstor sponsored a QTVR campaign in Venice, Italy, which produced over 340 panoramas of a range of historically significant sites from various eras in the city's history. These include: the Ca' d'Oro, the Doge's Palace, Piazza San Marco, the Rialto Bridge, San Giorgio Maggiore, Santa Maria dei Miracoli, Santa Maria della Salute, San Michele in Isola, San Pietro di Castello, Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, San Zaccaria, Santo Stefano, the Scuola Grande della Misericordia, the Scuola Grande di San Marco, the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, and the Scuola Grande di San Giovanni Evangelista. This campaign was conducted under the aegis of the Columbia University Center for Study in Venice at Casa Muraro.
Japan Campaign 2010
In 2010, Artstor sponsored a photographic campaign to create approximately 200 QTVR panoramas and 2,000 still photographs of traditional and contemporary architecture in Japan. The project team produced extensive visual documentation of 20th- and 21st-century architecture in Tokyo, including buildings and projects designed by architects such as: Tadao Ando, Le Corbusier, Maki Fumihiko, Chûta Itô, Tôyô Itô, Kengo Kuma, Sejima and Nishizawa and Associates (SANAA), Seiichi Shirai, Kenzô Tange, and Frank Lloyd Wright Tetsurô Yoshida. Also included are panoramas of temples, shrines, and residences in the pre-modern capitals of Nara and Kyoto. Both cities contain numerous examples of traditional Japanese architecture, many of which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Chicago and South America Campaign, 2011
In 2011, Artstor sponsored a campaign that resulted in 137 QuickTime Virtual Reality (QTVR) panoramas of architecture in Chicago, and 18 QTVRs of architecture in Peru and Bolivia. The Chicago section features QTVRs of Frank Lloyd Wright's home and studio, the Mies van der Rohe buildings at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Louis Sullivan's Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral, and Chicago's popular Millennium Park. QTVRs from South America include Sacsayhuamán, an Inca walled complex, and Tambomachay, an Inca site of aqueducts, canals and waterfalls, both near Cusco, Peru; Sillustani, a pre-Incan burial ground on the shores of Lake Umayo near Puno, Peru; the Chimu adobe city of Chan Chan, near Trujillo, Peru; and an Inca temple in Isla del Sol, Bolivia.
The Visual Media Center (VMC) at Columbia University's Department of Art History and Archaeology explores material culture, vision, media, and pedagogy in the broadest sense to connect faculty research and student learning through the creative application of technology. In addition to the QTVR files, the VMC has also shared still photographs created during its campaigns in the Digital Library.