Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (Harvard University)
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University
Artstor is collaborating with the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University to distribute up to 154,000 images of Pre-Columbian, African, Native North American, and Oceanic objects from the museum's permanent collection. Through this collaboration, Artstor will also distribute approximately 44,000 digital images of the Carnegie Institution of Washington Photographs of Mayan Excavations, which document archaeological excavations throughout Central America.
The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University is oldest museum devoted to anthropology in the United States. It was founded in 1866 through the efforts of the paleontologist Othoniel Charles Marsh (1831–1899). Marsh encouraged his uncle, George Peabody (1795–1869), to donate the funds necessary to endow a museum to document the remains of early man in America. Marsh also persuaded his uncle to make a matching donation to Yale University for the purpose of creating a museum to house the ancient remains of animals and plants, the Peabody Museum of Natural History, whose collection will also be contributed to Artstor. The Peabody Museum at Harvard began with some fifty specimens of stone implements, pottery, and osteological remains of North American Indians, all of which fit into a single display case. Soon after its founding, the museum began to receive ethnological objects from antiquarian societies throughout the region, many of which fell outside its early focus on the prehistory of native America. Eventually, through purchase, gift, and field expeditions, the Peabody Museum would amass a permanent collection of millions of archaeological and ethnological objects, documenting the history of human culture throughout the Americas, Africa, Oceania, Asia, and Europe. The museum's archaeological holdings comprise the majority of the permanent collection, with particular strengths in North, Central, and South America. Though smaller in number, the ethnographic collections have established the museum's reputation as a pre–eminent repository of anthropological objects relating to Native American, Pre–Columbian, African, Oceanic, and Asian cultural groups. There are also extensive archival collections, which document the museum's collections and history, as well as the development anthropology as an academic discipline. Selections from the museum's permanent collection of archaeological objects, ethnographic artifacts, and archival materials will be added to the Artstor Digital Library for scholarly and educational uses.